Saturday, April 22, 2017



  • Insects use an XO sex determination system, while birds use the ZW system.
  • A reptile’s sex is at least partly determined by the temperature in which the egg develops.
  • Flatworms transfer sperm through a process called penis fencing (which is described in graphic detail here).
  • In clownfish colonies, dominance is based on size, the female being the largest and the male being the second largest. If the female dies, the male gains weight and becomes the female for that group.
  • Other fish species take on female attributes while mating, and they release sperm in the process.
  • Fungi like molds and mushrooms have 36,000 sexes.
Humans also exhibit the wide range of sexual behaviors Grace discusses:
  • 5-alpha-reductase deficiency is a real (albeit rare) condition, in which young women grow a penis during puberty.
  • Androgen insensitivity syndrome is an intersex condition in which a person who is genetically male is resistant to male hormones . As a result, the person has some or all of the physical traits of a woman, but the genetic makeup of a man.
  • The SRY gene is involved in male sexual development—without it fetuses can be genetically male (with XY chromosomes) but have a female body. The same is true in females (with XX chromosomes), who can develop a male body without the SRY gene.
  • XXY males are sterile, with small testes—while women with only one X chromosome (a condition called Turner syndrome) are infertile and don’t go through puberty. Males with two X chromosomes (called Klinefelter syndrome) are taller, with a higher risk of breast cancer and osteoporosis.
My take on this:
Usually Trans / Gender non-confroming / Queer people are affected not just economically but also living quality and basic human rights and needs by the each country system they are from. The country i'm familiar with a little bit is Malaysia and neighbouring country in SEA, Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, The Philippines, Japan and also Europe where system and culture top to bottom is very binary in identification and difficult for us to navigate our everyday lives but easier for cisgender people for this system that they have inherited from the past. Its even difficult if we are from countries that are using religious system as their law because its impossible to change the mindset of the people when the government is using religion to gain votes to stay in power and to control society. Especially in Malaysia where reading is not part of the everyday activity and we were taught certain version of the state religion when we were young and was forbid to question anything, and then most people just carried that version through their lives without getting update because nobody read or update or even question anything. We were taught to consume ideology without questioning it. I was brought up in that environment. The only way for Malay to move forward is for them to stop following their traditional social conditioning and start question their past what have they consumed and analyze it. Forget that sentence 'submit 100%'. Question it.  

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